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 We have 20 million PLUS jobless citizens at all income levels plus millions more working below their qualification, part timers, etc.   Simultaneously, we have 11 to 30 million criminal illegal aliens working for and harbored by criminal employers who might pay $6/hr cash ($12,480/yr - same as $8 minus taxes, etc.).     The US BLS avg. wage January, 2013 was $42,537 for 34.4 hours!    That’s $49,927/yr @ 40 hour week and $64,905 with 30% employer paid tax & regulation costs added!  Are average jobless welfare subsidies $20,000(?), individual poverty levels $23,000 (?), or the average given to illegal workers $36,545/yr?   The sole cost of joblessness with subsidies is in the area of $84,905 to $99,451 each!   The math is simple!   Joblessness costs of at least $84,905, @ 11 million is $934 billion, @ 20mm =$1.70 trillion, and @ 30mm =$2.55 trillion.  

Underground criminal employment profit potential is, @ 11 million is $577 billion, @20mm = $1.05 trillion, and $1.57 trillion @ 30mm, which isn’t factored in jobless costs herein.    Criminals paying $12,480 ($6/hr) instead of $64,905 can profit $52,425/ea.!    The pro amnesty $402 billion cost @ their 11 million is a $36,545/yr subsidy each- some claim it’s over $800 billion (??).   Illegal alien pay plus subsidy is $49,025 take home which is $11,580 more than average citizen’s 40hr $37,445 after 25% taxes!   Those unending subsidy programs have near zero accountability!  Illegal alien subsidies are in addition to the joblessness costs!    All of those costs are imbedded in our current very sick debt and bankruptcy ridden economy!  With illegal alien subsidies $84,905 becomes $121,450 and economic numbers jump to $1.3 trillion @ 11mm, $2.4 trillion @ 20 million, and to $3.6 trillion @ 30mm.   Cost illustrations to define parameters are valid and reasonable. 

Average wages and joblessness data are facts.   Amazingly officials admit they don’t know alien headcount, location, or activity!   Average wages represent working for someone, not investment & other income!    Supposedly, the Boston bomber received $100,000 in welfare subsidies!   It’s a chaotic totally lawless environment designed to destroy the US!

Officials sworn to protect citizens and country are flooding the labor market with legal and illegal workers, by open invitation & taxpayer subsidy to destroy free market competitive labor wage forces of the poorest citizens!   It’s an unrestrained criminal vote buying frenzy!   Those imbedded costs are overthrowing our Constitutional free government!    Solving issues and eliminating those trillions of “criminal costs” is as simple as enforcing current Constitution and law!   It’s treason!   Not prosecuting is inconceivable!

How can anyone discuss immigration, especially giving amnesty to lawless unrepentant invaders who came and remain illegally to steal citizen benefits and work for criminal employers who criminally pay cash to avoid wage taxes and regulations?   It’s an incredible web of public and private crimes plus flesh pedaling!    The answer bellows from “majority” executive-legislative officials who mock Constitution and law with “we can’t stop it!”    We have an army that can protect our borders and homeland!   They’re assigned to helping enemies!    They defile their oaths of office with contempt, sedition, and treason in terms of trillions


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 by Admin online


State Sen. Dan Patrick, chairman of the senate education committee, told Fox News he is very disturbed by the photograph as well as reports that students were exposed to a story that blamed Egypt’s turmoil on democracy – rather than the Muslim Brotherhood.

“Parents are very sensitive to any issue that seems to be anti-American – that blames democracy for some sort of trouble in the world,” he said.

A Texas mom became outraged after she discovered a Facebook photo of her child wearing Islamic garb.

The lesson on Islam was taught in a world geography class at Lumberton High School. 


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Department of Homeland Security

When lines of authority are blurred, power naturally defaults to the highest level.  The states are not ‘partners’ with the federal government in matters that require state authority over their jurisdiction.

From the Legal Information Institute;

Jurisdiction-The term jurisdiction is really synonymous with the word “power”

Jurisdiction is the territory within which a court or government agency may properly exercise its power

State and local policing is a jurisdictional matter and the states and local governments have conceded their authority in this.  Informational jurisdiction is no exception and in fact leads physical control.

What is revealed in this IACP Nov. 2012 article is that the Department of Homeland Security has funded an international non-governmental organization, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), to manage the operational issues of the endeavor; Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS).

“The DHS S&T has funded the IACP Technology Center to provide a practitioner group to advise Nlets on operational issues. These experienced practitioners will provide input on how this technology can be used in the field.”

What that means is that we are in trouble. 

The IACP is an international, non-governmental organization accredited by the United Nations and has been instrumental in bringing about profound changes to our nation politically, technologically and culturally.  There has been a great paradigm shift in our nation since 9-11 that spans all agencies of government.  This shift affects every aspect of our lives and has practically decimated the US Constitution and Bill of Rights.  US citizens, regardless of their political persuasion, are united in astonishment as they witness the slash and burn abrogation of one cherished right after another.

There is no sector of our society left untouched by the new paradigm and each has its own specialists attending to the transformation in their particular realm.  In the realm of policing, it is the IACP who is in charge of nurturing and tending this transformation.

Here is just one example;

Intelligence Led Policing and Fusion Centers: How the IACP Helped the USA to Cross the Rubicon

Unfortunately there’s  no solution in legislation, no real willingness by enough of our elected representatives to do what they took an oath to do; to protect our liberty I do still recommend that you contact your state representative and tell them if you have concerns about open access to your data contained in the state Dept. of Public Safety database.  Tell them that you expect them to protect your personal information from being freely shared and used on a whim to track and spy on you.  They need to hear concerns from their constituents.

It is clear that we cannot stop the government from sharing this information in ways that will hurt our ability to control our own lives.   If we want to protect ourselves we must remove our biometrics from the system by either not giving it to them in the first place or taking legal action to remove it.


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Three years after the White House arranged a hero’s welcome at the State of the Union address for the Fort Hood police sergeant and her partner who stopped the deadly shooting there, Kimberly Munley says President Obama broke the promise he made to her that the victims would be well taken care of.
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‎10 DAYS TO FISCAL CLIFF-No deal is better than a bad deal.  Here is what a good deal looks like with a straight line trajectory to 2020>Reduce Federal spending from current 24% of GDP down to 18% of GDP by 2020 which is more the norm in the US outside of a world war.  This means the Federal budget must decline by roughly 25% (6%/24%) which equates to .25 x $3.9 trillion current budget=$975 billion over 8 years.  This means the spending must be reduced by $975 billion/8 years = $122 billion additional each year to 2020.  To reach a balanced budget, that means $1.2 trillion deficit -$975 billion spending cuts = $225 billion of new taxes over 8 years or a phase in of $28 billion of additional taxes each year. 

For those of you who excelled in math the above will all fit together.  The one thing that also needs to be part of the deal is a Balanced Budget Amendment so the Nation can get off its spending binge since there is no single person (ie Federal CEO) managing the budget unlike every major corporation in the world.  It's just been a free for all in DC the last 4 years.  RZ UVA Econ (3.9 GPA) '76 High Honors

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Obama’s administration has produced the greatest ever reliance on the state in US history. Never have Americans had the option of being so dependent on welfare programs as today.

What is welfare dependence and what does it deliver to the despot or dictator. If a person becomes lost in the vacuum which is non-work, they lose a number of basic but fundamental freedoms. Life as a non worker is one of marginalization, ones sense of value is lessened, and you lose self confidence and independence. Your choices become increasingly limited as the financial trap is set. You don't get to choose your clothes as you can't afford. You can't choose your food as you can't afford and you don't drive the car you want as you can't afford. However, you can get welfare assisted clothing, food and even a mobile phone thanks to the great leader.  The great leader provides for you as you have no other choice. You don't have the freedom that comes with earning a living wage. 

What frightens a welfare slave? Well what frightens everyone? Having things taken away, no money, food, totally losing everything?  The strategic benefit for the despotic regime is that you provide the things. You control everything! You control fear! Someone disagrees with, you take away the things. You blame dissenters for the problems and the fact that no ambition can be fulfilled. They don't believe so they are anti-progressive, an enemy of everyone. After all if they succeed the great leader will not be able to give you things anymore. One day a citizen wakes to find they have no say, choice or chance.

When a person works and chooses their work destiny is based on their effort, their determination and inherent drive to succeed. America is about the chance to succeed without limits. You can drive a Bentley, wear Hugo Boss or eat at any restaurant you choose if only you work for it. That is not unfair. The successful did build that.

The nice liberal term of art for Socialism or Marxism is now social justice. Lets face it its redistribution by any other name. This holds “there should be no disparity in society between the rich or the poor, the lazy or productive”. Its utopianism at its most naive and simply results in mediocrity.  The famous comment from Soviet Workers “While they pretend to pay us we will pretend to work” defines its danger.

Conclusion, socialism isn't about social welfare, social care, social justice or even concern for your fellow man. Its a delivery model for power; its a methodology by which you make an underclass without power or hope. What socialism presumes is that a small elite of theoreticians know better than the majority and therefore, democracy doesn't work as the voters are just not competent. 

Our danger, once you reach the level when a majority of the populace is totally dependent on the benevolence of a great leader, and his bi weekly check. Then democracy fails and we become a dictatorship.

Obama and his key advisor's are socialists, and they do think they are the smartest in the room. We have a great leader in waiting.

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Taking the high ground

The Liberal mass media and newspapers are waging a never ending campaign against anything and anyone who is not a Progressive. They have taken the High Ground and have established themselves as the true “Spokesperson” for the entire United States of America. At this point you may be saying, “tell me something I don't know.”

A few months ago, I hear a retire Air Force general who reminded me of something I had forgotten. Those of us who were in the military took an Oath; it was an Oath that does not have an expiration date. Our country is counting on us to remember that Oath. We need to retake the High Ground.

Wars are not won by throwing the dice for one final major battle, but my winning numerous small engagements, to out maneuver your opponent for the final victory.  Our “small engagements” will be in our communities, our cities, our counties, our state and finally our country.

Each of us and our respected Tea Party groups has special talents and desires; we need to commit those resources for specific engagements that complement these skills.  Starting now, we need to attend each and every school board meeting in your community.  Education yourself on the issues, contact your school board members, and sign up to speak at the school board meetings.  Become an expert on your local school board, hold them accountable, and let them know if their values are in alignment with yours.  This same strategy needs to be applied to the State Board of Education and the Texas Education Agency.  Additionally, we need to become experts on our city councils, the same as with our local school boards.

Tea Party groups and its members need to be reading and writing to the local and national newspapers each and every day.  We need to respond to each and every article that appears in these newspapers that attack our core beliefs. Write letters to the Editor let them there is another side to an issue, copy the writer and their sources.  If an elected official makes outlandish statements, contact their office and let them know, there are two sides to every issue and they all come with a vote.  We need to support our elected official who makes a stand for our values and let them know that we are standing behind them.  This same strategy needs to be applied to television networks.  When they broadcast outlandish information in support of Progressive groups, let them know there is another side to that story.  If they produce T.V. shows that attack family values and attack state and national leaders who promote family values, led them know there is another side to that coin.

Write letters and E-mails to the member of our state and federal legislators; let them know your thoughts, both for and against their position(s).  Find out who are the members of the various committees and what their position on any given issue is, and share with them your thoughts.  Support legislators from other states and contact their opponents and let them know why you are supporting that legislator.

Support our service men and women, contact the USO and the various military groups and let them know you can be a resource for them.  Volunteer at a VA hospital or clinic, make hospital visits, go to the airports and train stations and welcome our service men and women home.

 Most of all pray for our families and for single mothers who are just overwhelm with the lost of a husband and father.


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A Gross Distortion of Truth

4063506521?profile=originalSenate Majority Leader Harry Reid says to pass a budget at this stage is foolish. At this stage, government spending out of control, Reid’s statement says bankrupting America is the right thing to do. Half of America’s voters agree with Reid. For this group of voters, equal distribution of wealth is the right way to go, which is not what the Founding Fathers had in mind when they wrote America’s Constitution. 

By bankrupting America, Reid and following get to put their ideas into effect.  History records that Harry Reid, Nancy Pelosi, and Barack Obama deserve more because they are leaders. Their following deserves more.  Those who don’t agree deserve to die.  Death to infidels agrees with the Koran. It does not matter what they say.  It is what they do!  Include Reid and company. The individual is no consideration.  Destroying one’s self to eliminate opposition gets you to Paradise.  It goes with Reid and his following’s territory. Anything for the cause!

Of God, no man can think. God created man to be good, to think no evil, Barack Obama’s idea.  Proof of this is in the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden.  It was man’s temptation that brought evil into our world. A fake god is responsible for Obama, Reid, Pelosi, and following’s distorted ideas. It’s one for all and all for one—Big Labor’s boot-licking lackeys, Obama, Reid, and Pelosi. Is this picture not what the above mentioned frauds cause?

The other half of America’s voters agree with the Founding Fathers: power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. In my estimation, the truth of the matter is that man was created to know good and evil. America’s Constitution, my Constitution says President Obama, and all who think like him, are deceiving themselves. Jesus advised us to beware of wolves in sheep’s clothing and hypocrites.  

God gave us reason and logic, the means of knowing good and evil, the means to know the Higher Law, the law of all times.  Why change a good thing? Notwithstanding democracy’s self-serving distortions, and the same for religion’s misguided doctrines and dogmas, my book,  In Earth as It Is in Heaven 2012, about to be published, brings us, universally, to accept Jesus as man’s true teacher.  We are born for justice. Long live liberty, and freedom, and independence.  Peace be with you. I’m Aquarius, the water-bearer, bringing water to a famished world. God Bless Republican candidate Romney. God bless my America.

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Oklahoma’s DeWitt punts on SB 1569
Although the Oklahoma Senate overwhelmingly passed SB 1569 “Identity and Eligibility of Candidates” by a 34 to 8 vote, Republican House Majority Floor Leader Dale DeWitt absolutely refused to schedule the Third Reading prior to the legislatures deadline of April 26 to act on bills and resolutions from the Senate.  DeWitt is solely responsible for the death of this critical bill, which the entire Oklahoma electorate will now spend taxpayer dollars to place at least one constitutionally ineligible candidate on the general election ballot.  

DeWitt appears to have joined a growing list of constitutional obstructionists who put Party politics before their oath of office -

[Oklahoma’s] OATH OF OFFICE
(Art. XV O.C. §1)

I, _____________________________________________, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support, obey, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of Oklahoma, and that I will not, knowingly, receive, directly or indirectly, any money or other valuable thing, for the performance or nonperformance of any act or duty pertaining to my office, other than the compensation allowed by law; I further swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as ______________________to the best of my ability.

We know DeWitt’s office was contacted again and again and again by fellow Oklahoman’s to schedule SB 1569 for a final floor vote, but their pleas were ignored. The only question left to ask is “Why?”

Why would the Republican Majority Floor Leader not schedule a final vote on SB 1569? His caucus has a 70 – 31 majority - the largest number of Republican’s in Oklahoma history.

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Voter Registration for Expats Abroad

I was one of the lucky few Americans to do an internship in the European Commission in the 90s.  That was during my young and impressionable days before I became a stanch conservative.  I have a friend who is currently there who works for NATO and is dedicated to registering Americans living abroad to vote (for Obama of course).  I would like to know if we have a similar movement and if not, we should!  

There are plenty of people living outside of the US who are perfectly able to vote here.  The DNC is committed to this, and I read on his FB the other day a gal in Bejing recommended contacting someone she knew there to have a similar program started in China.  We need to make an effort to get more people on our side to vote!  Does anyone have an idea about how to initiate something like this?  I am willing to help!  I have friends in Mexico and in Europe - although many of the Euros are so Socialistic and anti-American that it may be a tough sale.  But Mexico may be a different story.

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THINK ABOUT THIS??? What event is going to happen in the next 8 months that is so important the MAJORITY REPUBLICAN GOP HOUSE AND SENATE LET THIS HAPPEN WITHOUT A WORD? Something is big, they released this on Friday, our Congress and Senate are silent, this has never happened in American's history!!!! EVER!!! This means the HOUSE AND SENATE ARE IN ON IT? Is there a world wide Earth Quake or Flood coming? Is Earth going to be hit by an Astorid? Why would you need this law? The person who put the law into effect is an illegal alien and not our real President??? Will someone please tell me what the hell is going on??????
From Tea Party Command Center Did you know that King O. signed a new exec. order that let’s the goverment take over now if they choose? “Planning MARTIAL LAW in advance Or CANCELLING th...
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Donald Trump

Donald Trump (Doughnut MacTrumpet as we call him in Scotland) says he never applied For Compulsory Purchase Orders to evict local residents from their homes for his golf course on the Menie Estate in NE Scotland? 



Check out the minutes Minutes of Aberdeenshire County Council in Scotland below say otherwise

"Trump demands thousands in legal costs from elderly widow" Herald Scotland


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An open letter to NPR

Sent to NPR HQ, and hundreds of NPR Employees around the country on 10.26.10:

NPR Ombudsman,

The shameful debacle made of the dismissal of Juan Williams, and the subsequent nasty and tactless remarks made to the media about his mental state, coupled with the brazen discrepancy between Mr. William's treatment by NPR when juxtaposed with your network's treatment of other reporters, such as Totenberg and Schorr, have left me with a pit of boiling acid in my stomach. Collectively, all of you who represent this network are responsible. Were you a conservative organization by nature, the howls to shut you down for this action would be truly deafening. The fact that your Network lauds tolerance and equality, while at the same time attempting to destroy Mr. Williams’s career and reputation, makes your organization truly beneath contempt. National Pariah Radio. Has a more accurate ring, doesn’t it?

Integrity and Fairness. Apparently NPR is now completely devoid of these principles, no matter how much you might protest otherwise. Thus, I and my family will not only withhold any future donations and I and several of my friends and associates from around the country are joining with a new group that is committed to defunding your organization, to dismantle NPR by dollars and cents - no matter what venue that money comes from. Federal funding and the small role it plays in your organization is NOT our primary target - we are going to launch campaigns aimed directly at your sponsors and other funding sources, to enlighten them as to the egregious double standards and editorial schizophrenia that plagues your network.

I grew up in the south - I know first hand the struggle of minorities there during the dawning days of the civil rights movement. To in anyway try and paint Mr. Williams as a bigoted person, in the slightest, is to spit squarely in this fair and decent man’s face. He deserved much better from NPR, and yet, he was denied any semblance of respect and further, his dignity and integrity were disparaged and made light of. UNFORGIVABLE.

So get ready, we are going to be quite instructive and matter of fact with businesses, civic organizations and any other venues we can identify that give money to NPR. We will make it a point to lay down the gauntlet so that they can choose between supporting an organization that has lost its credibility, destroyed any vestiges of public trust it may once have possessed and that does not, as an organization, reflect even a basic understanding of FAIRNESS, or they can side with those who remember this basic concept and consider it to be a guiding principle.

This is a war of the pocket book - and we the consumers decide who wins and who loses. I think you all need to start sprucing up those resumes...I have the feeling there will be layoffs in your network's immediate future. Or, ignore this and wait and see how you feel when it is your own job that gets shot down the tubes...what goes around does indeed come back around. Hey, do you folks remember Air America? Hmmm.

Sick of Elitest Ideologues and Double Standards in Media,
R. Stewart

PS. OR....You could call for your national leadership to step down, REALLY rethink your editorial standards and guidelines and practice two foriegn concepts - Respect and Fairness.

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Author: Brian D. Hill

Source: USWGO Alternative News


Update: When the questions the Postal Interrogator asked were answered, the answers were that I run a non profit website and haveadvertisements on it, I never really known the full name of the personthat sent me the money order and just that Igot it from somebody whoworked at The Global Information Network (GIN). I had to tell thepostal worker....aka interrogator that the money order was from mebeing he asked me more personal level and intrusive questions.

After hearing about this interrogation it gives a whole new definition to the song "I Always feel like somebodies watching me"where it says at one point "I feel like the mail mans watching me!".

Today I was just interrogated like I was some sort of terrorist or money launderer at the Post Office by a Postal Employee over a $75money order sent to me for my non profit political site USWGO. Itwasn't even a thousand, not even a hundred dollars but simply just $75and I was interrogated like a criminal over that little amount of moneywhile you can cash a $100 check at a bank and all they ever requiredwas proof of identification and that was technically it.

The intrusive personal questions he asked me right after he required ID was "Who sent you the money order?" and "What was it sent for?". Healso stared at me and gave me the suspicion eye that police wouldusually give to suspected terrorists and criminals. Once he startedasking several amount of questions I started feeling weird like I amsome sort of criminal there.

Also at first when I showed up he denied that money orders are allowed at the Post Office. Then he allowed it through and startedasking more intrusive questions such as "who's it for?" when he shouldknow who's cashing in the money order in the first place.

I suspect it may have something to do with news I found after researching on Google about being interrogated by the Postal Servicethat 2 men robbed money orders at the post office.

If I am going to be treated like a criminal just for cashing in a money order I rather take checks to help support my non profitpolitical cause.

I was scared he was going to ask what my website address was but if he did I am afraid to tell him because he may end up sending me to theback of the room to be held in a detention cell awaiting police to sendme to jail over my political website getting a little amount of moneyto pay for equipment replacements, and to help pay for my website.

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About 6 months ago, a writer was watching a news program on oil and one of the Forbes Bros. was the guest.. The host said to Forbes, "I am going to ask you a direct question and I would like a direct answer; how much oil does the U.S. have in the ground?" Forbes did not miss a beat, he said, "more than all the Middle East put together." Please read below.The U. S. Geological Service issued a report in April 2008 that only scientists and oil men knew was coming, but man was it big. It was a revised report (hadn't been updated since 1995) on how much oil was in this area of the western 2/3 of North Dakota, western South Dakota, and extreme eastern Montana ...... check THIS out:The Bakken is the largest domestic oil discovery since Alaska 's Prudhoe Bay , and has the potential to eliminate all American dependence on foreign oil. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates it at 503 billion barrels. Even if just 10% of the oil is recoverable... at $107 a barrel, we're looking at a resource base worth more than $5..3 trillion.."When I first briefed legislators on this, you could practically see their jaws hit the floor. They had no idea.." says Terry Johnson, the Montana Legislature's financial analyst.."This sizable find is now the highest-producing onshore oil field found in the past 56 years," reports The Pittsburgh Post Gazette. It's a formation known as the Williston Basin , but is more commonly referred to as the 'Bakken.' It stretches from Northern Montana, through North Dakota and into Canada . For years, U. S. oil exploration has been considered a dead end. Even the 'Big Oil' companies gave up searching for major oil wells decades ago. However, a recent technological breakthrough has opened up the Bakken's massive reserves..... and we now have access of up to 500 billion barrels. And because this is light, sweet oil, those billions of barrels will cost Americans just $16 PER BARREL!That's enough crude to fully fuel the American economy for 2041 years straight. And if THAT didn't throw you on the floor, then this next one should - because it's from 2006!U. S. Oil Discovery- Largest Reserve in the WorldStansberry Report Online - 4/20/2006Hidden 1,000 feet beneath the surface of the Rocky Mountains lies the largest untapped oil reserve in the world. It is more than 2 TRILLION barrels. On August 8, 2005 President Bush mandated its extraction. In three and a half years of high oil prices none has been extracted. With this motherload of oil why are we still fighting over off-shore drilling?They reported this stunning news: We have more oil inside our borders, than all the other proven reserves on earth.. Here are the official estimates:- 8-times as much oil as Saudi Arabia- 18-times as much oil as Iraq-21-times as much oil as Kuwait- 22-times as much oil as Iran- 500-times as much oil as Yemen- and it's all right here in the Western United States .HOW can this BE? HOW can we NOT BE extracting this? Because the environmentalists and others have blocked all efforts to help America become independent of foreign oil! Again, we are letting a small group of people dictate our lives and our economy.....WHY?James Bartis, lead researcher with the study says we've got more oil in this very compact area than the entire Middle East -more than 2 TRILLION barrels untapped. That's more than all the proven oil reserves of crude oil in the world today, reports The Denver Post.Don't think 'OPEC' will drop its price - even with this find? Think again! It's all about the competitive marketplace, - it has to. Think OPEC just might be funding the environmentalists?Got your attention yet? Now, while you're thinking about it, do this:Pass this along. If you don't take a little time to do this, then you should stifle yourself the next time you complain about gas prices - by doing NOTHING, you forfeit your right to complain.Now I just wonder what would happen in this country if every one of you sent this to every one in your address book.By the way...this is all true. Check it out at the link below!!!GOOGLE it, or follow this link. It will blow your mind. to 4.3 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil Assessed in North Dakota and Montana’s BakkenFormation—25 Times More Than 1995 Estimate—Released: 4/10/2008 2:25:36 PMContact Information:U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological SurveyOffice of Communication119 National CenterReston, VA 20192 Main Contact 1-click interviewPhone: N/A* Read FAQs about the Bakken Formation.* Listen to a podcast with the lead scientist on this topic.Reston, VA - North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation.A U.S. Geological Survey assessment, released April 10, shows a 25-fold increase in the amount of oil that can be recovered compared to the agency's 1995 estimate of 151 million barrels of oil.Related Podcasts3 to 4.3 Billion Barrels of Oil in North Dakota and Montanadownload Download directly | Detailspodcast icon itunes iconor subscribe by e-mail.Technically recoverable oil resources are those producible using currently available technology and industry practices. USGS is the only provider of publicly available estimates of undiscovered technically recoverable oil and gas resources.New geologic models applied to the Bakken Formation, advances in drilling and production technologies, and recent oil discoveries have resulted in these substantially larger technically recoverable oil volumes. About 105 million barrels of oil were produced from the Bakken Formation by the end of 2007.The USGS Bakken study was undertaken as part of a nationwide project assessing domestic petroleum basins using standardized methodology and protocol as required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 2000.The Bakken Formation estimate is larger than all other current USGS oil assessments of the lower 48 states and is the largest "continuous" oil accumulation ever assessed by the USGS. A "continuous" oil accumulation means that the oil resource is dispersed throughout a geologic formation rather than existing as discrete, localized occurrences. The next largest "continuous" oil accumulation in the U.S. is in the Austin Chalk of Texas and Louisiana, with an undiscovered estimate of 1.0 billions of barrels of technically recoverable oil."It is clear that the Bakken formation contains a significant amount of oil - the question is how much of that oil is recoverable using today's technology?" said Senator Byron Dorgan, of North Dakota. "To get an answer to this important question, I requested that the U.S. Geological Survey complete this study, which will provide an up-to-date estimate on the amount of technically recoverable oil resources in the Bakken Shale formation."The USGS estimate of 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of technically recoverable oil has a mean value of 3.65 billion barrels. Scientists conducted detailed studies in stratigraphy and structural geology and the modeling of petroleum geochemistry. They also combined their findings with historical exploration and production analyses to determine the undiscovered, technically recoverable oil estimates.USGS worked with the North Dakota Geological Survey, a number of petroleum industry companies and independents, universities and other experts to develop a geological understanding of the Bakken Formation. These groups provided critical information and feedback on geological and engineering concepts important to building the geologic and production models used in the assessment.Five continuous assessment units (AU) were identified and assessed in the Bakken Formation of North Dakota and Montana - the Elm Coulee-Billings Nose AU, the Central Basin-Poplar Dome AU, the Nesson-Little Knife Structural AU, the Eastern Expulsion Threshold AU, and the Northwest Expulsion Threshold AU.At the time of the assessment, a limited number of wells have produced oil from three of the assessments units in Central Basin-Poplar Dome, Eastern Expulsion Threshold, and Northwest Expulsion Threshold.The Elm Coulee oil field in Montana, discovered in 2000, has produced about 65 million barrels of the 105 million barrels of oil recovered from the Bakken Formation.Results of the assessment can be found at a podcast interview with scientists about the Bakken Formation, listen to episode 38 of CoreCast at
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