The people of the State of Florida are petitioning our state government to declare the separation of the state from the United States of America and to resumed all the powers granted to the Florida State Government. It is due to ourselves and to the civilized world that we should set forth the causes which have forced us to request this extreme measure fraught as it is with consequences the most momentous. We have not acted in haste or in passion but with the utmost deliberation and from what we regard as immeasurable necessity.
In 1787, Deputies were appointed by the States within the United States to revise the Articles of Confederation, and on 17th September, 1787, these Deputies recommended for the adoption of the States, the Articles of Union, known as the Constitution of the United States and revised them again in 1867.
The parties to whom this Constitution was submitted, were the several sovereign States; they were to agree or disagree, and when nine of them agreed the compact was to take effect among those concurring; and the General Government, as the common agent, was then invested with their authority.
If only nine of the thirteen States had concurred, the other four would have remained as they then were separate, sovereign States, independent of any of the provisions of the Constitution. In fact, two of the States did not accede to the Constitution until long after it had gone into operation among the other eleven; and during that interval, they each exercised the functions of an independent nation.
By this Constitution, certain duties were imposed upon the several States, and the exercise of certain of their powers was restrained, which necessarily implied their continued existence as sovereign States. But to remove all doubt, an amendment was added, which declared that the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people. On the 23rd May , 1788, South Carolina, by a Convention of her People, passed an Ordinance assenting to this Constitution, and afterwards altered her own Constitution, to conform herself to the obligations she had undertaken.
Thus was established, by compact between the States, a Government with definite objects and powers, limited to the express words of the grant. This limitation left the whole remaining mass of power subject to the clause reserving it to the States or to the people, and rendered unnecessary any specification of reserved rights.
We hold that the Government thus established is subject to the two great principles asserted in the Declaration of Independence; and we hold further, that the mode of its formation subjects it to a third fundamental principle, namely: the law of compact. We maintain that in every compact between two or more parties, the obligation is mutual; that the failure of one of the contracting parties to perform a material part of the agreement, entirely releases the obligation of the other; and that where no arbiter is provided, each party is remitted to his own judgment to determine the fact of failure, with all its consequences.
The ends for which the Constitution was framed are declared by itself to be "to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity."
We affirm that these ends for which this Government was instituted have been defeated, and the Government itself has been made destructive of them by the action of the acts of subversion by the party known as the Democratic party that run those States and control the subversive entities within the government itself.
Those States have and entities assumed the right of deciding upon the propriety of our domestic institutions; and have denied the rights of life, property, and the pursuit of happiness established in all fifty of the States and recognized by the Constitution; they have denounced and denied as a person the right of life at conception, from individual firearm ownership; the freedom of speech and they have permitted open establishment among them of societies and organizations, whose avowed object is to disturb the peace and to eloign the property of the citizens of other States and to deny the rights under the constitution to include the suppression of the freedoms guaranteed by the same.
For forty years this agitation known as socialism/progressive has been steadily increasing, until it has now secured to its aid the power of the common Government. Observing the *forms* [emphasis in the original] of the Constitution, a sectional party has found within that Article establishing the Executive Department, the means of subverting the Constitution itself and denying the states to be formed in the fashion of a Republican form of government as outlined in the constitution.
A line has been drawn across the Union, and some of the States have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States, whose opinions and purposes are hostile to the free exercise of the constitution. He is to be entrusted with the administration of the common Government, because he has declared that "Government cannot endure permanently while the people have the free exercise of these rights ," and that “the public mind must rest in the belief that the government provides them the security and protection and that it deems it proper for the people to surrender such rights, also, that God has no place in the constitutional process and therefor cannot guarantee these rights to the people without the consent of the state and in the course a way to guaranty the survivability of the state.
This sectional combination for the subversion of the Constitution, has been aided in some of the States by elevating non-citizens persons who, by the supreme law of the land, are not capable of possessing the rights provided by the constitution until becoming citizens; and that their illegal votes have been used to inaugurate new policies, hostile to the States, and destructive of its beliefs and safety.
On the 20th day of January next, this party will take possession of the Government. It has announced that the states shall be excluded from the declarations outlined in the constitution, that the judicial tribunals shall be made exclusionary, and that the people must surrender there weapons and ownership of the same shall cease throughout the United States.
The guaranties of the Constitution will then no longer exist; the equal rights of the States will be lost. The States will no longer have the power of self-government, or self-protection, and the Federal Government will have become their enemy.
Sectional interest and animosity will deepen the irritation, and all hope of remedy is rendered vain, by the fact that public opinion in the Democrat States has invested a great political error with the sanction of more erroneous socialist beliefs.
Last and not least it has been proclaimed that the election of a President is an authoritative approval of all the principles avowed by the person elected and by the party convention which nominated him. Although that election is made by little more than one third of the votes given. But however large the majority may have been to recognize such a principle is to announce a revolution in the government and to substitute an socialist majority for the written constitution without which no single state would have voted its adoption not forming in truth a federal union but a consolidated despotism that worst of despotism that of an unrestricted sectional and hostile majority, we do not intend to be misunderstood, we do not controvert the right of a majority to govern within the grant of powers in the Constitution.
We, therefore, the undersigned, the People of the State of Florida, by our signatures and appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, have solemnly declared that the Union heretofore existing between this State and the other States of North America, is dissolved, and that the State of Florida has resumed her position among the nations of the world, as a separate and independent State; with full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent States may of right do.
We therefore employ our assemblies to promote this declaration and present it henceforth.
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