The Federalist Papers

The Importance of the Union (1-14)

 

FEDERALIST No. 1    General Introduction Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 2   Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence John Jay


FEDERALIST No. 3    Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't) John Jay


FEDERALIST No. 4   Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't) John Jay


FEDERALIST No. 5    Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't) John Jay


FEDERALIST No. 6   Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 7    Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States (con't) Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 8    The Consequences of Hostilities Between the States Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 9    The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 10    The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection (con't) James Madison


FEDERALIST No. 11    The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 12   The Utility of the Union In Respect to Revenue Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 13    Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 14   Objections to the Proposed Constitution From Extent of Territory Answered James Madison

 

Defects of the Articles of Confederation (15-22)


FEDERALIST No. 15  The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union Alexander Hamilton

FEDERALIST No. 16    The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't) Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 17    The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't) Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 18    The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't) Alexander Hamilton and James Madison


FEDERALIST No. 19   The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't) Alexander Hamilton and James Madison


FEDERALIST No. 20    The Insufficiency fo the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't) Alexander Hamilton and James Madison


FEDERALIST No. 21   Other Defects of the Present Confederation Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 22    Other Defects of the Present Confederation (con't) Alexander Hamilton


Arguments for the Type of Government Contained in the Constitution (23-36)


FEDERALIST No. 23    The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union Alexander Hamilton


FEDERALIST No. 24    The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 25    The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 26    The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 27    The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 28    The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 29    Concerning the Militia Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 30    Concerning the General Power of Taxation Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 31    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 32    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 33    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 34    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 35    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 36    Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't) Alexander Hamilton


The Republican Form of Government (37-51)


FEDERALIST No. 37    Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 38    The Same Subject Continued, and the Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 39    The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 40    The Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 41    General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 42    The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 43    The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered (con't) James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 44    Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 45    The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 46    The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 47    The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 48    These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 49    Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 50    Periodical Appeals to the People Considered Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 51    The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments Alexander Hamilton or James Madison


The Legislative Branch (52-66)


FEDERALIST No. 52    The House of Representatives Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 53    The House of Representatives (con't) Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 54    The Apportionment of Members Among the States Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 55    The Total Number of the House of Representatives Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 56    The Total Number of the House of Representatives (con't) Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 57    The Alleged Tendency of the New Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 58    Objection That The Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands Considered James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 59    Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 60    Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 61    Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 62    The Senate Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 63    The Senate (con't) Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
FEDERALIST No. 64    The Powers of the Senate John Jay
FEDERALIST No. 65    The Powers of the Senate (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 66    Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered Alexander Hamilton


The Executive Branch (67-77)


FEDERALIST No. 67    The Executive Department Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 68    The Mode of Electing the President Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 69    The Real Character of the Executive Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 70    The Executive Department Further Considered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 70    The Executive Department Further Considered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 71    The Duration in Office of the Executive Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 72    The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 73    The Provision For The Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 74    The Command of the Military and Naval Forces, and the Pardoning Power of the Executive Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 75    The Treaty-Making Power of the Executive Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 76    The Appointing Power of the Executive Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 77    The Appointing Power Continued and Other Powers of the Executive Considered Alexander Hamilton


The Judicial Branch (78-83)


FEDERALIST No. 78    The Judiciary Department Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 79    The Judiciary (con't) Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 80    The Powers of the Judiciary Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 81    The Judiciary Continued, and the Distribution of the Judicial Authority Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 82    The Judiciary Continued Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 83    The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury Alexander Hamilton


Conclusions and Miscellaneous Ideas


FEDERALIST No. 84    Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered Alexander Hamilton
FEDERALIST No. 85    Concluding Remarks Alexander Hamilton

LIGHTER SIDE

ALERT ALERT

Clinton Donor And Tax Cheat Tied To Russia

“Do as we say, not as we do.”

That seems to be the slogan for Hillary Clinton and her political allies, and it’s especially apt in light of new information about one of Clinton’s largest campaign donors.

While the left is still trying to attack President Trump and his family over unproven business dealings and largely debunked connections to Russia, a new report indicates that it was Hillary Clinton’s team who were doing those exact things.

“Fox News has learned that one of the top donors to the ‘Hillary Victory Fund’ (HVF) in 2016 was a Los Angeles-based attorney who is alleged to have misused company funds to create his own $22 million real estate portfolio,” that outlet reported on Thursday.

“He has also been considered by California to be one of the state’s biggest tax cheats, and allegedly has ties to the (Russian) Kremlin,” Fox continued.

The man’s name is Edgar Sargsyan. His deep pockets greatly benefited Clinton’s campaign, with contributions of at least $250,000 to the Hillary Victory Fund in 2016.

He was also in charge of an elite fundraising dinner to benefit Clinton, where donors paid $100,000 per couple just to attend the ritzy event. But in true Clinton fashion, the money apparently went missing.

Sargsyan is now “being sued by his former company for allegedly diverting those funds to start his own real estate company,” according to Fox.

Now, people are asking hard questions about Clinton’s buddy Sargsyan, including whether his contributions were part of a pay-to-play scheme and if he had shady connections to foreign governments.

“Nobody gave to the Hillary Victory Fund out of the goodness of their heart or some generalized desire to help 33 random state parties,” pointed out attorney Dan Backer from the Committee to Defend the President.

“They did so to buy access and curry influence — something the Clintons have been selling for nearly three decades in and out of government,” he continued.

Trying to buy political influence is sadly common, especially when it comes to the Clintons. What is raising more red flags than normal, however, is the evidence that Sargsyan is no run-of-the-mill campaign donor.

“The really scary question is, what did this particular donor with this strange web of connections hope to buy for his quarter-million dollars?” Backer asked Fox News.

That web of connections is strange indeed.

The Committee to Defend the President is now alleging that SBK, a major Sargsyan-linked company “is an investment firm that is affiliated with United Arab Emirates president, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan, and its international affiliate has business interests in Russia,” according to Fox.

“Among its dealings was a bid to finance $850 million for a major bridge project to connect Crimea with Russia,” the group claims.

“He worked for SBK, and SBK appears to have bid on some Crimean/Russian bridge project,” Backer said. “That’s usually an indicator of political favor and connections.”

It raises several chilling questions: Was Sargsyan paying a quarter million dollars to Clinton for political favors, and — more disturbingly — was that money actually from sources in Russia in order to smooth the way for its construction plans?

Nobody knows for sure. What is clear, however, is that there is a pattern of dirty money surrounding the Clintons, with the “Uranium One” and “Clinton Foundation” scandals just two of the most well-known examples.

“It reinforces how fast and loose the Clinton machine was when it came to ‘Hoovering up’ these megadonor checks, not just from questionable Hollywood and Wall Street elites but potentially from foreign influence peddlers using who knows what money,” Backer told Fox News.

“It reinforces the need to take a long hard look at not just the unlawful money laundering process, but the way in which they were solicited as well,” he continued. “The Clintons have never shown a great deal of concern for whomever it was cutting the checks — whether it’s foreign influence peddlers or Hollywood smut peddlers like Harvey Weinstein.”

If those claims are even partially true, then America dodged a bullet in November of 2016 — and it’s worth keeping the pile of foreign-connected Clinton scandals in mind the next time the left tries desperately to tie Donald Trump to Russia. Perhaps they should look in the mirror.

SLAVEHOLDER??

Washington Post Compares
Jeff Sessions To Slaveholder’

The Washington Post compared Attorney General Jeff Sessions to “slaveholders” after he quoted the Bible on Thursday while discussing his department’s policy of prosecuting all illegal immigrants who cross the border.

Sessions made the statement during a speech to law enforcement officers in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

WaPo ran a story entitled “Sessions cites Bible passage used to defend slavery in defense of separating immigrant families” by general assignment editor Keith McMillan and religion reporter Julie Zauzmer on Friday.

Rather than detailing the statistics Sessions cited in the speech that explain the immigration policy, the story quoted John Fea, a history professor at Messiah College in Pennsylvania.

“This is the same argument that Southern slaveholders and the advocates of a Southern way of life made,” Fea said.

Sessions spent much of the speech discussing the numbers behind current immigration policy, including separating families at the Southwest border.

“I would cite you to the Apostle Paul and his clear and wise command in Romans 13, to obey the laws of the government because God has ordained the government for his purposes,” Sessions said.

“Orderly and lawful processes are good in themselves. Consistent and fair application of the law is in itself a good and moral thing, and that protects the weak and protects the lawful.”

“The previous administration wouldn’t prosecute aliens if they came with children,” Sessions said.

“It was de-facto open borders if you came with children. The results were unsurprising. More and more illegal aliens started showing up at the border with children.”

Sessions laid out the numbers in the speech.

“In 2013, fewer than 15,000 family units were apprehended crossing our border illegally between ports of entry in dangerous areas of the country,” he said.

“Five years later, it was more than 75,000, a five-fold increase in five years. It didn’t even have to be their child that was brought, it could be anyone. You can imagine that this created a lot of danger.”

The U.S. has the “opportunity” to fix its broken immigration system now, Sessions said.

“I believe that’s it’s moral, right, just and decent that we have a lawful system of immigration,” he said. “The American people have been asking for it.”

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