Trump will use a 2005 anti-terror law created shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attack to sidestep an environmental impact study for a 32-mile portion of the border wall, sources told Reuters. The proposed section will pass through the 2,000-acre Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge near the southern tip of Texas.
The area is home to 400 species of birds as well as a dwindling population of federally protected ocelots. There are only about 50 ocelots remaining in the U.S., according to the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Anonymous sources told Reuters that the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol (CPB) would rely on the exemptions provided to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security under the guises of the Real ID Act, which would help the government build the wall without waiting several years for permission.
Environmental impact studies are required under federal law whenever a project is built on public lands, including national forests, wildlife refuges, among other federally protected lands. CPB spokesman Carlos Diaz told reporters Trump’s wall construction depends on whether Congress will allocate money needed for its completion.
“CBP, like all other federal agencies, may rely on Categorical Exclusions to achieve NEPA compliance for routine agency activities, like the soil sampling, that have minimal to no environmental impact,” he said, referring to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which makes environmental studies mandatory.
Trump made building a giant border wall stretching from coast to coast part of his campaign message during the presidential election. He also claimed that the White House would force Mexico to pay for the wall through various tax measurements.
The U.S. House of Representatives announced July 11 that $1.6 billion in the budget would go toward Trump’s border wall, setting the stage for a brawl between parties that could potentially lead to a government shutdown.
Republican lawmakers are pushing for $44.3 billion in funding — a $1.9 billion increase from 2017 spending levels. The $1.6 billion is part of $13.8 billion in discretionary spending directed toward the CPB.
Various industries argue that environmental reviews tend to grind down progress on projects. The energy industry, for instance, has haggled with elements within both Republican and Democratic administration over such studies companies say hold up important gas and oil pipelines.