Sanctuary city is a name given to a city in the United States that follows certain procedures that shelters illegal immigrants. These procedures can be by law (de jure) or they can be by action (de facto). The term most commonly is used for cities that do not permit municipal funds or resources to be applied in furtherance of enforcement of federal immigration laws. These cities normally do not permit police or municipal employees to inquire about one's immigration status. The designation of Sanctuary City” has no legal meaning.
U.S. Sanctuary jurisdictions listed by state (in alphabetical order)
*(1-18-17 The city of Anchorage has been removed from the Sanctuary Cities list. The city forwarded a resolution stating it will now cooperate with the Department of Homeland Security. The city of Fairbanks had previously been listed due its designation as a sanctuary city by the Congressional Research Service. OJJPAC thanks the City of Anchorage for taking positive steps to clarify its compliance with federal law. Anchorage's enforcement statistics will be monitored for compliance.
Chandler, AZ (Added 5/30/07, Congressional Research Service Report, 2006. The city disputes its listing. )
Mesa, AZ (Added 10-18-09, Sources: Judicial Watch; East Valley Tribune article,1-4-2008)*
Alachua, FL Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Broward Co., FL Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report.
* Correction *3/26/16 DeLeon Springs is being removed because it is a census-designated place (CDP) and has no formal municipal government.
Deltona, FL * Disputed
Hendry Co., FL Added 8-1-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. Declines but report identifies no policy.
Herando Co. Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report.
Hillsborough Co., FL Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report.
Jupiter, FL Added 4-13-09. Previously on watch list.
Key West, FL Added 5-28-17. Source: Key West approves softer version of 'sanctuary city,' By Gwen Filosa, Keynoter.com, 5-17.
Lake Worth, FL Added 4-13-09. OJJPAC given tour of city by local activists.
Lee Co., FL Added 8-1-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. Declines but report identifies no policy.
Oak Park, IL Added, 3-18-17, Source: Oak Park approves sanctuary city ordinance, By Timothy Inklebarger, Oakpark.com, 2-7-17
Ann Arbor, MI (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Detroit, MI (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
Albuquerque, NM* 6/13/07 Congressional Research Service; 8-14-07 KOB-TV 4 Eyewitness News report. *[5-14-10 Mayor claims city no longer a sanctuary.]
Aztec, NM Added 5-8-10, Identified by CRS in 2006 report to Congress. (The city disputes its listing. However it has not forwarded a copy of its policy.)
Bernalillo, NM Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Bernalillo Co. NM Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report
Dona Ana Co., NM Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report
Lea Co., NM Added 8-1-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. Declines but report identifies no policy.
Luna Co., NM (Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Otero Co., NM Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Rio Ariba Co., NM Added 6/13/07 Congressional Research Service; Also 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report.
San Miguel Co., NM Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. Requires reimbursement of costs by ICE in honoring detainer.
Santa Fe, NM Added 6/13/07 Congressional Research Service; 1-26-12 AP story, Santa Fe Mayor David Coss opposes taking drivers licenses away from illegal aliens.
Albany, NY Added 7-22-09 Source: Council adopts don't ask policy, Times Union report by Jordan Carleo-Evangelist.
Ashville, NC (Added 3-18-17, Source: Asheville a Clear Example of "Sanctuary city" in NC, NC Capitol Connection, 7-16-15)
Carrboro, NC (Added 11-12-07 Source: Towns differ on illegal aliens by Patrick Winn, The News & Observer)
Chapel Hill, NC (Added 11-12-07 Source: Towns differ on illegal aliens by Patrick Winn, The News & Observer)
State of North Dakota (Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. ND State Penitentiary will not honor ICE detainers)
Beachwood, OH Added 3-26-17, Source: Councils focus on 'welcoming cities,' sanctuary cities, 2-9-17.
Cincinnati, OH Added 2-2-17) Source: Mayor Mark Mallory supports immigration reform [amnesty], By Amanda Lee Myers, San Francisco Chronicle, 5-30-13.
Cleveland, OH Added 11-30-16 Source: WKYC-TV-3, Tom Meyer interview,11-30-16; Cleveland passed a Sanctuary Resolution in 1987 (No. 777-87) Cleveland Scene, 2-6-17.
Cleveland Hts., OH Added 3-23-17, Source: Cleveland Heights Declares Itself a "Welcoming City," Cleveland Heights Patch News, 2-8-17.
Columbus, OH Added 7/5/07 Source: 5/10/07 Columbus Dispatch article stating illegal aliens in misdemeanor cases are not reported to ICE) See more below. Mayor Ginther signs executive order which is adopted by Columbus City Council, by Bob Price, Breitbart, 6-6-17.
*Dayton, OH Added 1-11-10 Source: Dayton Daily News story by Lucas Sullivan. Police chief prohibits officers from asking about immigration status. * 2-16-17, The status of Dayton is being reviewed for removal from the sanctuary list after the Police Chief supposedly rescinded his "sanctuary" order, 2-2017.
Granville, OH Added 4-19-17, Source: Granville Village Council passes "welcoming communities" resolution, NBC-TV 4, 2-15-17
Lake Co., OH Added 7-23-15 Source: Lake County accepts fraudulent Mexican Matricula Counsular ID cards used by illegal aliens.
Lima, OH Added 10-28-08 Source: City administration opposes County Sheriff's efforts to remove illegal aliens.
Lorain, OH Added 4-21-14 Source: Lorain Police Chief Celestino Rivera's written policy of non-cooperation with ICE. See addl. notes below.
Lucas Co., OH Added 7-23-15 Source: Lucas County accepts fraudulent Mexican Matricula Counsular ID cards used by illegal aliens.
Oberlin, OH Added 1-25-09. Source: City Resolution adopted January 20, 2009.
Painesville, OH Added 7-19-07 Source: In 2006, the city of Painesville in an official letter called illegal aliens (they used the word "undocumented" a valuable asset to the city and opposed immigration law enforcement legislation. I have a copy of that letter in my file. Although the city of Painesville passed a Resolution in support of immigration law enforcement as a result of public pressure, the city remains in opposition to aggressive immigration law enforcement and the deportation of the illegal alien population in the community. We will be looking into the past actions of the Painesville Municipal Court too, regarding its role in preventing the deportation of deportable aliens.
Shaker Heights, OH Added 3-26-17. Source: Article claiming city passed a sanctuary policy. The administration contacted me via email claiming it is not a sanctuary for illegal aliens. My reply email requesting a copy of its policies towards illegal aliens has not received a reply as of 7-15-17.
Oklahoma City (de facto)
Allentown, PA (Rescinded) 7-23-12 Note: Allentown city council passed a sanctuary resolution in 1986 but voted 4-3 to rescind it in 1991.
Bedford Co. PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Bradford Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR
Bucks Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR
Butler Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Chester Co., PA (Added 8-2-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Clarion Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Delaware, PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Delaware Co., PA (Added 8-2-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Erie Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Franklin Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Indiana, PA (Added 3-7-17, Source: Indiana Borough: Officials adopt 'welcoming' resolution, Indiana Gazette, 2-22-17)
Lebanon Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Lehigh Co., PA (Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Lycoming Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Montgomery, PA (Added 8-2-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Montour Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Perry Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Philadelphia, PA* (7-15-10 Source: Policy Concerning Access of Immigrants to City Services ; 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Philadelphia Co., PA (Added 8-2-16, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Pike Co., PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
Pittsburgh, PA (Added 5-29-14 Source: Pittsburg Post Gazette: Pittsburg launches effort to woo more immigrants, 5-29-14)
Port Arthur, PA (Added 3-18-17, Source: Mayor: PA a 'welcoming city,' not sanctuary city, The Beaumont Enterprise, 3-14-17)
Westmoreland Co. PA Added 3-26-17 Source: 2-3-17 DHS DDOR.
State of Rhode Island (Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report. Dept. of Corrections won't honor detainers without a warrant.)
Jamestown, RI (Added 3-13-17, Source: Town OK's sanctuary resolution, By Tim Riel, The Jamestown Press, 3-9-17)
Providence, RI (Added 5-17-11 Source: Providence wants to opt out of 'Secure Communities' database, by Gregory Smith, Providence Journal, 2-23-11).
Alexandria, VA* Added 10-6-08. Source: City Resolution No. 2246 adopted 10-9-07.
Arlington, VA Added 11-3-15. Source: Arlington, VA opts out of federal immigration program, 9-28-2010; 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report.
Edmonds, WA (Added 3-22-17, Source: Edmonds City Council approves Safe City Resolution, Edmonds News, 1-10-17)
Kenmore, WA Added 4-5-17, Source: The difference between "sanctuary city" and "welcoming city" by Annie Andrews, Q13 Fox News, 2-23-17.
Madison, WI (Congressional Research Service) Update: In June, 2010, the city council passed a resolution reaffirming its policy.
Milwaukee Co., WI (Added 10-13-15, Source: 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report citing Resolution 12-135; Supervisors pass sanctuary resolution, Wrn.com, 2-2017)
Milwaukee., WI (Added 6-10-12 Source article: County Board Resolution on Immigration on target, Opinion, Journal Sentinel News., 6-9-12)
(The Washington D. C. city council has voted to prohibit its police department from participating in the Secure Communities program in July, 2010 according to an AP story by Ivan Moreno dated 7-26-10; 10-19-11 D.C. Examiner story which states that Mayor Vincent Gray signed an order prohibiting the city's police dept. from inquiring about a person's immigration status. Also included in the 10-8-14 DHS DDO Report)
Cities under review
Diamond Bar, CA (6/26/07 Disputed by city. Currently being researched to verify.)
Des Moines, IA (Added 11-28-07 Source: Proposal seeks banning immigration raids in D.M., by Nigel Duara, Des Moines-Register)
Bridgeton, NJ (Added 6-3-07) [7-27-07 Disputed by a reputed farm worker advocate, see note below.]
Peekskill, NY [Disputed, being researched]
San Antonio, TX [Note: The Sanctuary status of San Antonio is disputed, being researched.]
Watch List Cities Note: This is a new list started 8-14-07 and was updated on 1-31-2017.
Sanctuary Cities, USA: Additional Notes
The Municipality of Anchorage sent OJJPAC a letter disputing the city's listing postmarked July 29, 2010. It claims that the Congressional Research Service's listing of the city as a "sanctuary" was based on a Resolution adopted by its Assembly (AR 2003-223) in 2003. The Municipal Attorney Dennis Wheeler says that that Resolution was rescinded on December 18, 2007.
Mesa Arizona has been added as a sanctuary city list because of its reported "don't ask don't tell policy" and criticism by the local sheriff that the city is not enforcing the law. The sheriff has arrested illegal aliens working in city buildings (as contract workers for a private cleaning company), reportedly after the city police department refused to investigate complaints of illegal hires by a whistleblower.
Note: The newspaper incorrectly refers to illegal aliens as "illegal immigrants." Aliens who illegally reside in the U.S. are not "immigrants," a term that should only refer to aliens who legally "emigrated" to the United States.
Philadelphia's Mayor signed an Executive Order in November 2009 that provided additional protections to illegal aliens in the city. However, the City of Philadelphia does have an existing Preliminary Arraignment Reporting System (PARS) agreement with ICE. Mayor Nutter objects to the PARS computer technology agreement which is now up for renewal. The Mayor apparently believes that the access of data by ICE will result in increased immigration violation investigations and deportations. Here is an article by the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Tucson Arizona has been added to the sanctuary city list because the Tucson police have instituted a new policy which prevents their officers from calling Immigration and Customs Enforcement to schools and churches.
Tulsa city councilor Jim Mautino was quoted in a Tulsa World article by P.J. Lassek, that he believes Tulsa is a sanctuary city and that the Police don't verify legal presence during traffic stops. Mautino wants to crack down on illegal aliens and introduce an ordinance mandating the use of E-Verify because the resolution that was passed cannot be enforced.
State of Oregon
According to a CRS report (October, 2005), Oregon passed a law in 1987 that prohibits local and state law enforcement from using state resources for locating and capturing illegal aliens. Law enforcement was permitted [but not required] to "exchange information" with federal immigration agents if an illegal alien was arrested for a crime.
San Bernardino, CA.
San Bernardino was added to the list on June 6th of 2007 as a result of a readers submission. On September 5th 2008, the city administration contacted me to dispute its listing. OJJPAC has asked the city's law department to forward copies of the city's policies regarding its processes when illegal aliens are encountered in its city.
Bridgeton, NJ 7-27-07 Disputed by a reputed farm worker advocate who sent me this email:
"I just wanted to point out an inaccuracy on your website's listing of sanctuary cities. You have Bridgeton, NJ listed as a sanctuary city, and indeed it is most definitely not. I work with CATA - The Farm workers' Support committee (www.cata-farmworkers.org) and we have an organized group of membership in this town. One of our goals is working towards making Bridgeton an sanctuary city, but the local government is quite unfriendly towards the immigrant population, and the mayor has even hinted at wanting to implement a Hazleton type of ordinance (luckily, given yesterday's legal decision, that won't be happening)."
The Columbus Dispatch [Ohio] wrote: "The police didn't contact immigration authorities concerning those who were determined to be undocumented, Booth said. Authorities say that's typical when it comes to misdemeanor charges."
2-20-14 Mayor Michael Coleman issues a travel ban for city employees because the State of Arizona passed immigration law enforcement bill SB 1070. 12-7-15 City support for Obama's unconstitutional DAPA and DACA exec. orders, Utahpolicy.com
"Thanks to Cel (Celestino Rivera, Lorain's Police Chief), we are less worried" [about the US Border Patrol]said one interviewee who has a family member who is deportable. Rivera does not report illegal aliens to immigration authorities. Source: Ohio, the Other Border, By Maribel Hastings, Senior Adviser, America's voice, 4-7-14.
Cleveland Scene (7-18-07) quotes the Painesville Police Chief Gary Smith:
***He [Police Chief Gary Smith] has no qualms about laying out his indifference in plain English: "We don't care what your [immigration] status is." ***
Oklahoma City, OK
One reader wrote about Oklahoma City:
State of Maine
Governor John E. Baldacci issued executive order 13 FY 04/05 which was issued on April 9, 2004. The order is entitled “An Order Concerning Access to State Services by All Entitled Maine Residents.” The order prohibits state workers from inquiring about the immigration status of anyone applying for services.
Resolution No. 2246, adopted October 9, 2007 states in part: "...the City and its various agencies will neither make inquirers about nor report on the citizenship of those who seek the protection of its laws or the use of its services." Evidently in Alexandria, illegal alien are safe from Immigration and Customs Enforcement until they commit a "serious" crime. So what crimes can illegals commit with impunity from the federal government? Theft? Rape? Drug dealing? Gang activity? OJJPAC's belief is that the City's Resolution conflict's with its responsibility under federal law.
State of Vermont
Vermont Attorney General William Sorrell reportedly has asked police in Vermont to adopt a "don't ask, don't tell" approach to immigration status under the guise of "Bias-Free Policing." Police departments in Vermont will get a copy of the request but are not required to adopt the attorney general's policy.
Research Resources (incomplete listing)
I find this very upsetting, and they lied again, and President Trump has his hands full with corruption.
Forward info, 10x10 is needed.